China’s Rocket Dropping Habit
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China’s Rocket Dropping Habit

January 15, 2020

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by visiting On the 3rd of January 2019, China became the
first nation to successfully land a spacecraft on the far side of the Moon. This incredible achievement showed just how
impressive China’s space program has become. With the most amount of annual launches and
the capability of launching humans into orbit, China is now regarded as one of the most powerful
space programs in the world. But among all of the success, there is a dark
side to China’s Space Program. With their extremely relaxed safety standards, rockets are frequently launched over inhabited areas – sometimes crashing into populated
towns and villages. In this video, we’re going to look at why
China began launching over inhabited areas in the first place. We’re also going to look at how their quest to develop reusable rockets might fix this issue altogether. In the midst of the cold war, the US and the
Soviet Union were constantly demonstrating their advancements in nuclear weapons and
missile technology. In 1957, the Soviets launched the first ever
satellite into orbit – and China realised it needed to create its own space program
in order to keep up. Over the course of two decades, China built
three main launch sites – capable of launching missiles and satellites into orbit. These launch sites were built thousands of
kilometers inland to make them less exposed to enemy attacks. But this came at a cost, since rockets had
to be launched directly over populated areas. When choosing the best location for a launch site, there are a couple of factors that come into play. As a rocket leaves the launch pad, it pitches
over to gain the incredible amount of horizontal velocity needed to get into orbit. Because of this, launch sites are typically
located on the coast where falling rocket parts can safely fall into the ocean. Another factor that determines the location
of a launch site is the latitude. Launch sites closer to the equator benefit
from the extra speed of the Earth’s rotation, meaning the rocket requires less energy to
get into orbit. But in the midst of the Cold War – and with
tensions at an all time high, China went inland and further north for their launch sites. Throughout the 60’s and 70’s, China quickly
became one of the major powers in space – creating heavy lift rockets and successfully launching
and recovering a satellite. But in a rush to catch up to the American
and Soviet space programs, safety standards became less of a priority. In 1996, China were launching their largest
rocket ever built, the Long March 3B. As soon as it left the launch pad, it immediately
began veering off course before crashing into a nearby village 20 seconds later. This disaster killed at least 6 people – however
many reports outside of China estimate that the death toll was in the hundreds. Although this disaster was caused by an unexpected
fault in the rocket, it didn’t stop China from launching over populated areas. Over the last 10 years, there have been several reports of rocket debris falling onto people’s homes. Many of China’s launches take place from
their XiChang launch site. As the Long March 3B launches, the 4 boosters are dropped shortly before the enormous first stage. Although China try to drop these rockets stages
onto unpopulated areas of forrest, there are around 14 villages directly in the path of
the launch site. A few days before these launches take place,
the government send out evacuation notices to the local residents – telling them to turn
off their power and find a safe place to hide. To make matters worse, the Long March 3B rocket uses hypergolic fuel which is extremely toxic – so residents are told to stay far away from
the debris once it has landed. Every nation has its own style of operating
in space, but China’s history with space has led many other nations to lose trust in
them. Despite having one of the most advanced space
programs in the world, China has never been allowed to participate in the International
Space Station. Even though China would bring a large amount
of money to the table, the US officially banned them from the ISS since they feared China
would only use the opportunity to steal technology. But when it comes to dealing with human safety,
it’s not surprising that China weren’t allowed to take part. But China is finally doing something to break
away from their rocket dropping habit. A new launch site has been built on the island
of Hainan, which will allow some of China’s largest rockets to launch over sea. China has started to add grid fins to some
of their rockets – similar to the ones seen on the Falcon 9. This gives the rocket the ability to steer
itself to a precise point as it falls out of the sky. Although this is mostly likely a sign that
China is trying to develop a reusable rocket, it at least has the benefit of saving innocent
people from falling rocket stages. Thanks to Dashlane for supporting this episode
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  1. The Chinese Communist Gov don't care about they're I billion plus population cos there is plenty of fodder to replace what was lost…. this has happened through out all time…. now they want to dominate space, but they want to invade Australia and the south pacific islands too, We the aussie people r only realizing this, as our corrupt gov has given them free raine and is encouraging chinese FULL military invasion to eventually happen. That's why they took our guns away.

  2. Grid fins are used way before spacex. Actually from 1970 on USSR missiles including "Soyuz" rockets. So spacex copy that fins from Russia same as Chinese did.

  3. Thumbs down for being a socialist dictatorships apologist video. Poor china, banned from the ISS. Americas fault they have no safety standards

  4. Now I have to ask. Is this more environmentally friendly than dumping them in the Ocean? I mean polution in the oceann disperses. Stuff on land does that in a much more limited scale.

  5. Most underrated YouTuber. Always enjoy your content – it should be getting much more attention! Maybe you could do a collaboration with someone like Henry from Minute Physics?

  6. After starship's incident I basically rely on this channel to lift my moral and keep me interested in the space news and history and development.

  7. I wish the Chinese intelligence would mix with European wisdom and Indian kindness.

    They need a bit of Europe and a lot of India

  8. 我取消订阅是因为你并没有客观调查就妄下断论,你这样的种族歧视行为必将付出代价。我懒得对一个明显恶意的人解释任何事

  9. 火箭发射时落点附近都要疏散啊,一年几十次发射有哪次死了人的?砸坏屋子政府都给赔啊

  10. The Long March was an epic retreat that resulted in 90% loss, though glamorized by Beijing. They still don't care about human loss, only their goals, power, control and such.

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