MMRCA 2.0 – India’s Quest For Last Foreign Fighter Aircraft Procurement?
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MMRCA 2.0 – India’s Quest For Last Foreign Fighter Aircraft Procurement?

November 17, 2019


Indian Air Force is no more going to import
any fighter aircraft from foreign vendors and will focus on India’s swadeshi Advance
Medium Combat Aircraft that is AMCA except MMRCA 2.0. That means India will purchase 110 fighter
aircraft besides already procured 36 super potent fighter jet Rafale. There are 6 contenders in MMRCA 2.0. We will give you a detailed insight into this
top notched fighter procurement in a series of stories every day over the next two weeks. Stay tuned to National Defence. Hello and welcome. My name is Shailesh Kumar and you are watching
National Defence- Fight for India. First coming up three parts of Request for
Information for Procurement of Fighter Aircraft for the Indian Air Force. The Ministry of Defence, Government of India,
intends to procure Fighter Aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF) which is to be Made
in India. The proposal is to procure approximately 110
fighter aircraft, about 75% single seat and rest twin seat aircraft. The procurement should have a maximum of 15%
aircraft in flyaway state and the remaining 85% aircraft will have to be made in India
by a Strategic Partner (SP)/ Indian Production Agency (IPA). This Request for Information (RFI) consists
of three parts: Part I- This part of the RFI incorporates
the intended use, technical characteristics and features that should be met by the aircraft. Part II- This part of the RFI incorporates
Transfer of Technology or ToT requirements, associated equipment and standard contract
terms. Part III- This part of the RFI states the
methodology of seeking response of the vendors. So what is the Intended Use of the Fighter
aircraft? The aircraft are intended as day and night
capable, all weather multi-role combat aircraft which can be used for the roles as in: Air Superiority, Air Defence, Air to Surface
Operations, Reconnaissance, Maritime, Electronic Warfare missions, Buddy Refuelling etc. So what are the Technical Parameters of the
aircraft Indian Air Force is going to buy? Queries on technical parameters for the aircraft
are given in Appendix A of RFI. The Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
is to provide para-wise response for each aspect specified at Appendix A along with
necessary additional information. We will soon discuss these interesting technical
parameters in other stories of this MMRCA 2.0 series. Now lets talk about the Transfer of Technology
or ToT. Government of India is desirous of production
of fighter aircraft in India after acquiring Transfer of Technology. IAF in RFI asks contending OEMs if OEM willing
to transfer design, development, manufacturing and repair expertise within India? The OEM should specify scope, depth and range
of ToT and key technologies which would be shared with its SP/ IPA in India. The details and guidelines on ToT aspects
are defined in Schedule I to chapter II of DPP 2016. Vendors are required to provide information
in the tabular format attached as Appendix B. We will come back to this later. Let us see what RFI says on Indigenisation
Content. Level of indigenisation in content and design,
in percentage, is to be clearly indicated for all components of the main and associated
equipment that is being quoted by the OEM. The vendors to indicate Indigenisation Content
(IC) that is planned to be achieved. The acquisition category, as detailed in DPP-2016,
will be based on this information. The OEM along with SP/ IPA is to propose a
Performance Based Logistics Package (PBL) for an aircraft availability of 75% with an
average flying effort of 150 hrs per aircraft per year for a period of ten years. OEMs would be required to provide details
of clearances required from their government regarding transfer of technology as specified
in Schedule I to chapter II of DPP 2016. RFI may be considered as advance information
to seek government clearances. The OEM to provide details of all the weapons
integrated on the aircraft and confirm willingness to supply these to the IAF. Integration of Weapons, Systems and Sensors. Aircraft would be integrated with weapons/
sensors/ systems of Indian origin/ any other origin, at any time of its service life. The vendor is to provide the user the capability
to unilaterally upgrade/ integrate such systems, weapons or sensors. The vendor would be required to integrate
certain Buyer Furnished Equipment / Buyer Nominated Equipment and it is essential that
test pilots and engineers of the IAF or their assignees be involved in flight testing of
such equipment during integration and certification phase. So what is the tentative Delivery Schedule
of these 110 fighter jets in MMRCA 2.0? The initial delivery of aircraft in FF state
from the OEM would commence from T0+ 36 months or earlier and complete by T0+60 months. Delivery of aircraft produced by the SP/ IPA
should commence by T0+5 years and complete by T0+12 year. (T0 would be the date of signing of the contract.) What about the Training of Aircrew and Maintenance
Personnel? Well OEM would be responsible for training
of aircrew and maintenance personnel at suitable facilities to enable quick absorption of the
aircraft and its technology by the IAF and SP/ IPA. Is there any Warranty on these procured aircraft? The vendors are required to furnish the expected
duration of warranty for the aircraft and its subsystems including role equipment. Mean Time between Failures (MTBF) and Performance
Linked Warranty for an average utilisation of 150hr per aircraft per year for a period
of ten years is to be stipulated. Is there any Obsolescence Management Plan? Yes RFI says that the OEM should present a
phased obsolescence management plan. The plan should offer adequate assurance for
life time product support. Will the vendor provide modifications required
in the aircraft / system for the sake of obsolescence management or due to flight safety considerations
for its service life? What about Cost Estimate? What would be the approximate budgetary estimates
for the aircraft including production, customs duties, spares, installation, commissioning,
training, and documentation? A comprehensive maintenance cost, cost of
PBL for ten years and cost for obsolescence management (if applicable) for the 15 years
life of the aircraft is to be included. Vendors are required to fill this information
in the tabular form provided as Appendix C. OEM should indicate willingness to conduct
FET at no-cost no – commitment basis. Does the OEM have any strategic partnership
with any Government/ private aircraft manufacturer/ designer? Specify the details. Any other relevant information on capability
of performing the roles, additional roles possible and maintenance philosophy may also
be specified. The RFI specifically asks Vendors to confirm
if following conditions are acceptable: (a) Integrity Pact. An integrity pact along with appropriate Integrity
Pact Bank Guarantees or IPBG is a mandatory requirement in the instant case. The details on IPBG can be fetched from Annexure
I to Appendix M of Schedule I of Chapter II of DPP-2016. (b) Option Clause. An Option Clause may be exercised in the procurement
case. Vendors must express their willingness or
otherwise for Option Clause, including the duration for which the Option clause would
be valid. (c) Performance-cum-Warranty Bond. Performance-cum-Warranty Bond of 5% of value
of the contract is required to be submitted after signing of contract. The PART – III of RFI deals with Procedure
for Response. Vendors are to furnish information sequentially
as per the Para Numbers. Vendors are also expected to furnish information
in tabular form, where ever tables are provided. Additional information if any is to be attached
at the end of the respective Appendix / Annexure with appropriate reference to serial number
in the RFI. The vendors were supposed to send two copies
of RFI Response- Fighter Aircraft to Directorate of Air Staff Requirements in Air Headquarter
by 06th of July 2018. According to National Defence Sources 6 vendors
from 5 countries have responded to the IAF RFI. The Government of India invites responses
to this request only from Original Equipment Manufacturers/ Government sponsored export
agencies (applicable only in the case of countries where domestic laws do not permit direct export
by OEMs). The end user of the equipment is the Indian
Air Force. This information is being issued with no financial
commitment and the Ministry of Defence reserves the right to change or vary any part thereof
at any stage. The Government of India also reserves the
right to withdraw it should it be so necessary at any stage. The acquisition process would be carried out
under the provisions of DPP 2016 (includes provisions of Chapter VII
of this DPP), as amended from time to time.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Again, yet another convoluted and torturously long procurement programme. 110 numbers is too less for such an elaborate programme. It should be 300-500 planes over next 20-30 years. Else, it's just another paper tiger.

  2. Well india going wrong, i think when there will be war then the fighter is indiginous or foreign not matters , what will matter is the capablity and we know that foreign fighters are way ahead. I am not criticising but going for tejas will hinder capablity of iaf.

  3. Arreh mmrca hoga zarur hoga pr Pakistan se ladhayi k baad jb india jeeth jayega pr uske paas jb 1 ya 2 aircraft bachenge tb ye 110 lenge 5 saal ho gye

  4. @admin: Can you kindly clarify whether RFI / DPP calls for "integration of User specified components Unilaterally" or is its just a interpretation..?

  5. So much demanding RFI seems like a dead Rubber.
    Either tender will get cancelled or there will be waiver on certain clause for specific contenders.

  6. An ordinary man on the street is not interested in knowing all these technical details of the contract requirements. He is only interested in knowing which Fighter will be suitable and probably most likely selected from the contenders by IAF.

  7. Firstly, Rafale, but it is 4.0 generation, still Safran is the reason for this preference,
    If Safran Deal fails,
    Gripen Jas 39 E/F, at least minimum 36 is a must, because it is 4.5 generation, and 1.6 Gripens equals 1 F22 / F35, and moreover Gripen is nicknamed as Sukhoi killer. Zero Gripen is a bad choice.
    Remaining Part: We have to secure production or procurement of 110 kN Ge's gtx414 engine, so maybe some 75 F21, or no F21, depends on pressure from america.
    Lastly take 3 FA18 Superhornets for use from Aircraft Carriers in Indian Ocean, due to China's growing presence there, so this expenditure is already imposed by China.
    No need for F35, because Amca is indigenous plan, instead save money for funding sixth generation plan.

  8. For 110 Rafael we can get 220 Grippen . Should for the $ we spend on 110 Rafael why don't we get another 36 Rafael and like more then 110 grippen . Lets do it now and fast with Govt to govt deal

  9. Fake news. Just because some grey-haired idiot who wears a tie and babbles in English does not make the news true. There is no official news on MMRCA 2.0. Any aircraft that is selected will be Made in India.

  10. F-18 Super hornet looks more likely considering the price and capabilities. Rafale too expensive (F-35 is cheaper), EuroFighter typhoon involves too many countries, F21 and Gripen are single engine and will be at par with Tejas Mk1A.

  11. MMRCA 2:0 wil be made by 2030
    And yes til that new technology jets wil come.
    SU-57 was best for us stil let see when world wil be making 6 gen we will be inducting 5 gen lol .slow and weak democracy
    Democracy weak as hell

  12. China is already flying it's 5 th Gen stealth fighter,but India is taking these many years even to select a 4 th gen fighter. Keep it up

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