Turkish first Aircraft carrier: TCG Anadolu(L-408)
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Turkish first Aircraft carrier: TCG Anadolu(L-408)

October 16, 2019

Turkey’s first indigenous aircraft carrier,
the TCG Anadolu, is expected to be delivered to the Naval Forces Command in April 2021,
Daily Sabah reports Wednesday. The TCG Anadolu, which is being produced with
a local content ratio of 68 percent, will be one of the world’s most advanced aircraft
carriers. The 32-meter-wide giant ship will be capable of moving 9,000 miles (14,500 kilometers)
without refueling. Istanbul’s Sedef Shipyard started building
the light aircraft carrier after the signing of a contract in 2015.
The production of the highly anticipated attack ship, which consists of 114 blocks, will boost
the capacity of Turkish naval forces and increase the operational capability of the Turkish
Navy, the report says. Officials said in March approximately 90 percent
of the [building] blocks were at the end of production, adding that immediately after
the manufacturing phase, fittings will be carried out.
It was also reported previously that the value of the project was over 1 billion euros. With
the TCG Anadolu, the Turkish Armed Forces will be able to conduct operations against
oceanic and transoceanic countries. Designed to carry 50 tanks, seven fighter aircraft
(F35-B short takeoff and vertical landing), 10 helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles,
assault boats, 27 amphibious armored vehicles, six personnel carrier armored vehicles and
1,423 soldiers, the TCG Anadolu will also be like a full-fledged hospital in terms of
the health care infrastructure it will offer to its staff. The vessel is intended to meet the various
needs and requirements of the Turkish Armed Forces, such as sustaining long-endurance,
long-distance military combat or humanitarian relief operations, while acting as a command
center and flagship for the Turkish navy. Once commissioned, the landing helicopter
dock will be the first of its kind in the Turkish Navy. It is designed by Navantia and based on the
Spanish LHD Juan Carlos I and Australian Canberra-class landing helicopter docks.
While Navantia built both Australian ships in Spain and transferred them to Australia
once they were launched, the Turkish LHD will be built in Turkey under a transfer of technology
agreement. The contract for future TCG Anadolu (L-408)
was signed between the Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industries and Navantia in 2015.
Apart from the design, Navantia is to deliver 5 sets of diesel generators and the IPMS (Integrated
Platform Management System) which will be developed at its facilities in Cartagena. Anadolu will be registered as a light aircraft
carrier by the Turkish Lloyd and is scheduled to be delivered to the navy in 2021.
With a displacement of 28,000 tonnes at full load and a length of 225 meters, the ship
will be capable of reaching speeds of up to 21 knots. Turkey began the construction of its first
LHD / amphibious assault ship in April 2016. President of Turkish Republic Recep Tayyip
Erdogan declared during the first steel cut ceremony that “TCG Anadolu will be the first
ship in the navy from which F-35B SVTOL planes will operate”. President Erdogan also declared that TCG Anadolu
would be delivered in 4 years (compared to the originally planned 5 years and a half).
Turkey’s Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM) announced in December 2013 that it selected
Sedef shipyard as winner of its LPD tender and that final contract negotiations with
this shipyard could begin. Sedef shipyard in Turkey offers a design based on Juan Carlos
LHD under the collaboration with Spain’s Navantia. Landing Platform Dock Project
According to SSM, the Landing Platform Dock Project (LPD)’s main purpose is the acqusition
of one Landing Platform Dock in order to meet the operational requirements of Turkish Naval
Forces. The scope of the procurement is for: – 1 LPD and
– Four Landing Craft Mechanics (LCM) – Twenty seven Amphibious Assault Vehicles
(AAV), – Two Landing Craft Personnel Vehicles (LCVP),
– One Commander Boat – One RHIB (Rubber Hull Inflated Boat) will
be acquired One of the requirement was for a Privately
Owned Turkish Shipyard to be main contractor, also responsible for design, construction,
integration and tests and final performance. The other proposals which were rejected were:
RMK Marine Shipyard offering its own indigenous design and Desan shipyard offering a design
based on South Korea’s Dokdo class. At the early stage of the tender a Chinese company
submitted its design proposal but then backed away. Turkish Navy LHD Mission Profiles and Capabilities
The ship is to be designed for four mission profiles:
» Amphibious ops: Capable of transporting a marine infantry force to carry out landing
and support operations. » Force Projection: Transporting forces to
a theatre of operations. » Aircraft Carrier: A platform for carrier-based
naval aircrafts, acting as a flight deck for strategic projection airborne vectors (Navy’s
Air Wing) » Humanitarian air ops: MOOTW (Military Operations
Other Than War), humanitarian assistance, evacuation of crisis area, hospital ship in
areas affected by natural disaster, etc. Turkish Navy LHD Specifications At IDEF 2015, Sedef shipyard gave the LHD
specifications to Navy Recognition: Length overall: 231 meters
Maximum beam: 32 meters Draught: 6.8 meters
Height: 58 meters Maximum speed: 21 knots
Range: 9,000 miles @ economical speed Electric propulsion with 2x 11 MW Siemens
eSIPOD; 5x MAN 16V32/40 Diesel GenSets and 2x bow thrusters
Complete hospital and sick bay Combat systems:
Genesis Advent CMS with amphibious and joint operations capability
Link 11/16/22/JRE/VMF 1x SMART-S Mk2 3D Search Radar
2x LPI radars 2x Navigation radars
1x Air traffic and control radar 1x PAR radar
4x 25mm Aselsan STOP 3x 12.7mm Aselsan STAMP
2x Raytheon Phalanx CIWS Aselsan R-ESM
Aselsan jammers Chaff/IR Decoy launching system
Aseslan TORK torpedo countermeasure system IRST
HF/VHF/UHF and satellite communication systems

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