Why Airplanes Make Hard Landings on Purpose
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Why Airplanes Make Hard Landings on Purpose

February 22, 2020

Billions of people board a plane each year. Most passengers are completely unaware of
a few things every pilot knows. (Like if you should really panic when the
plane starts rocking, the landing isn’t exactly as smooth as butter, or everyone in
the cockpit fell asleep!) Let’s check out the list. 1) Many delays are caused by overscheduling. If you fly often, chances are you’ve had
to sit through at least one delayed flight. One common type is what airlines call ATC
delays. But they have more to do with the airlines
themselves than the air traffic controllers. Every airport has a limited number of planes
that can land or take off each hour. It’s usually around 60 landings or takeoffs
per runway. In bad weather, it can drop to 30 or less. Most airlines will schedule the maximum number
of flights per runway, regardless of the weather report. This leads to delays as planes are forced
to wait their turn, and the schedule backs up further and further. 2) Pilots will lie about mechanical delays. Mechanical problems are another common source
of hold-ups on the runway. Anything from a minor issue with the air conditioner
to severe damage to the engine fan blades can leave the plane stranded on the tarmac
until the problem gets fixed. The pilots don’t always know how long repairs
are going to take, but that kind of answer probably won’t satisfy passengers. When asked, pilots will usually give an amount
of time that’s longer than they think it’ll take, but not so long that people will get
upset. One popular answer is “45 minutes” since
it sounds better than an hour while still giving the ground crew plenty of time to solve
the issue. 3) Engine failure is pretty common. Have you ever been driving down the highway
when your engine suddenly sputtered to a stop? Now imagine that happening 30,000 feet in
the air! It’s a lot more common than most people
realize. Instead of saying “engine failure” or
“stopped working,” pilots will hide it with euphemisms like “improper functionality.” Losing a single engine isn’t as big a deal
as it sounds because modern airliners can fly safely on just one engine. Even if a plane loses all its engines at once,
it won’t instantly fall out of the sky. In 1982, an airliner managed to land safely
despite losing all 4 of its engines after flying through a cloud of volcanic ash! 4) Flatulence isn’t as scary as it sounds
either. Oops — I’m sorry. That should have been turbulence. My bad. Feeling the cabin rock and shake is arguably
the least fun part of air travel, but that doesn’t make it unsafe. Turbulence is usually caused by weather conditions
that make it easy to predict. And while the shaking can get pretty rough,
modern planes aren’t going to fall to pieces because of a little jostling. That, and the pilots are well trained on how
to deal with it. The only danger comes from passengers ignoring
safety instructions. Even severe turbulence isn’t going to knock
your plane out of the sky, but it can still throw you from your seat. So when the seatbelt light comes on and the
cabin starts shaking, ya better buckle up! 5) Lightning strikes are also mostly harmless. Soaring through storm clouds in a metal tube
might sound like a recipe for disaster. But lightning is so harmless that most passengers
won’t even notice their plane was struck! The material in a plane’s fusilage is designed
to direct electricity away. The charge is then released back into the
air by little antennae known as static wicks. Worst case, the plane might come away with
some minor burns on the wings and tail. It can still be startling, though! If you’re sitting near where the lightning
makes contact, you might be treated to a loud boom and bright flash from just outside your
window! 6) Most hard landings are done on purpose. When your plane makes a hard landing, sending
your heart right up into your throat, it’s tempting to think something went wrong. That’s rarely the case because a bumpy landing
is often exactly what the pilot had in mind. A plane’s wings produce more lift when they’re
closer to the ground, pushing it back into the air. The best way to prevent this is with a firm
landing that puts the wheels on the runway as soon as possible. Harder landings also allow planes to stop
quickly without the pilots needing to slam on the breaks or risk overshooting the terminal. Or if the runway is wet or icy, a firm landing
gives the wheels more traction. 7) Pilots sleep on the job! Imagine your cab driver falling asleep at
the wheel! Good thing planes aren’t taxies because
pilots do it all the time, and it’s not as dangerous as it sounds. Part of the reason for having two pilots is
so there’s always someone at the controls. It’s perfectly okay for a pilot to catch some
Z’s while the co-pilot is at the controls. Of course, it’s not that unusual for a pilot
to wake up from their nap and realize that their co-pilot nodded off as well! This is less okay when it comes to regulations,
but still isn’t as dangerous as it sounds thanks to things like autopilot and other
safety features. 8) Airplanes are germ magnets. Cramming hundreds of people into a metal tube
is a great way to spread germs. Even if no one in your row is coughing or
sneezing, you might not be in the clear. Surfaces like tray tables, call buttons, and
bathroom doors don’t always get wiped down between flights. Case in point: bring some hand sanitizer and
antibacterial wipes with you when you fly! You also might want to think twice before
accepting pillows and blankets. While airlines usually try to keep them clean,
there isn’t always time to wash them between flights. Consider bringing your own pillow and blanket…
unless you like resting your head in someone else’s dandruff. Ew! Lightning storms, bumpy landings, GERMS! We’ve covered pretty much everything I fear
about flying, but what about you? Let me know down in the comments! If you’re afraid of turbulence, you’ll
like this next point… 9) Morning flights are the smoothest. Any pilot will tell you that early morning
flights are your best bet if you want to avoid heavy turbulence. The sun heats the air during the day, which
contributes to stronger winds. Heat reflecting off the ground is also a major
factor in clear weather turbulence. Taking off in the morning, before the sun
has time to finish heating things up, is a great way to avoid both those problems. Clear weather also means fewer chances for
flights to get backed up, so delays are less likely. 10) Pilots get their own special meals. The pilot doesn’t eat the same things as their
passengers, but this is more of a safety precaution than a perk of the job. Their meals are usually made by the same people
and of the same quality as what everyone else gets, but are prepared separately. They also can’t eat the same things as each
other. The idea is that if one of them gets sick
from what they ate, the other pilot will still be healthy enough to fly the plane. Many airlines also let pilots bring their
own food from home. Given the usual quality of airplane food,
I wouldn’t be surprised if that’s a popular choice! 11) Pilots and co-pilots are equals. It’s tempting to think of planes as being
run like ships, with one person in charge and everyone else following their lead. There are even nautical-inspired terms like
captain and first officer instead of pilot and co-pilot. The reality is that while the captain is usually
the more experienced of the two, it’s more of a partnership than a boss-subordinate relationship. The pilot and co-pilot are both equally responsible
for the safety of the flight, and they’re both equally equipped to handle any situation
that might crop up. It’s not unusual for the co-pilot to be in
full control of the plane without the captain’s direct supervision, like in case the latter’s
in the bathroom because of some undercooked chicken! Oh my. 12) Becoming a pilot is expensive. Perspective commercial pilots first need to
earn a bachelor’s degree then choose a flight school. You can end up spending hundreds of thousands
of dollars on training and certification. Once that’s done, you finally have your pilot’s
license. Now you need 1,500 hours of flight experience
to qualify for an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate. And what’s the fastest way to rack up that
flight time? By renting a plane and flying it around, which
isn’t cheap, let me tell you! And those are the plane facts! Hey, if you learned something new today, then
give the video a like and share it with a friend! And here are some other cool videos I think
you’ll enjoy. Just click to the left or right, and stay
on the Bright Side of life!

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Love travelling on planes..especially when it’s taking off..love it when goes down the runway 100 miles and hour and then lift off..but landing is ok..

  2. Fly through the intertropical convergence zone at least twice a month, ATL to GIG, you always know when you are crossing the equator.

  3. 1:12 Is it just be or does every "Smart" people call every part of the airport a "Runway" or "Tarmac"?
    Gosh Ramp, Taxiway and Runways are DIFFERENT THINGS
    also the word "Tarmac" does not, DOES NOT EXIST!

  4. Before I landed in Florida the plane hit the ground hard. It was because it was too windy to have a smooth landing. But when I landed in Minnesota It was a smooth landing when there was some wind. But I was happy we didn’t have a rough landing……

  5. Captains and Co- pilots are not equals. In the last decades, and due to some disasters, they tain Co-pilots to be more assertive. But the captain has the command and the ultimate responsibility of the aircraft.

  6. Advice from a multi-million mile flyer: Be patient, especially with the crew. ALWAYS keep your seat belt on, even if it's extremely loose. I was on the United flight from Okinawa to Hawaii. Keep your seat belt on, even if its loose. I have LOTS of stories about people who felt it wasn't important, who ended up costing the rest of us delays. Be patient, we are ALL shoe horned into a small space and the flight attendants actually do make a lot of effort.

  7. if I'm not mistaken, the Pilot is in the left seat (looking toward the front of the plane) and the Co-Pilot is in the right seat which is not shown in the video.

  8. Hard landing is classified as landing with 2+ G's, with rough landing at 1.5G plus so there's no way hard landings are as common as you think. Do proper research

  9. Why always about aviation with less correct info? Better do on other vid with proper research..i'd rather go to proper aviation related channels for my queries..

  10. pilot:- due to bad weather the plane is delayed 45 minutes.
    me to the person sitting next to me:- i watch bright side………there's something wrong with the left phalange.

  11. You can also become a pilot by doing a diploma of aviation. You simply pay more money. However, you can get more with a diploma.

  12. So they stop quicker due to the forces helping the plane slow down faster from the hard impact. There saved you 9 minutes of your life

  13. As an aviation enthusiast this video is completely inappropriate with regards to detail and knowledge. It works to suit people's unhealthy prejudice towards flying. Not everything is wrong, but even the truth is delivered in a simplistic and uneducational manner. I suggest you watch captainjoe or mentourpilot if you need proper aviation content.

  14. Last time I flew in like 2015, we had a delay. Plane was supposed to leave O'Hare at like 3pm. We didnt end up leaving until like 7-8pm.
    Think the Mentour Pilot guy said pilots do indeed sleep at the controls, but its not full on sleep, more like power naps, and only during the cruise, when nothing important is going on. Also, only 1 pilot is asleep, never both at once.

  15. If you rent a plane and get 20,000 hours and then apply for a airline they will say you need commercial flight hours so you need to go to pilot school and airline training and then complete airline training then train for your plane then fly with a captain and safety pilot for a few flights then you need to fligh with a captain until you can take your captains course and then possibly pass and become a captain but renting a plane will do one thing which is waste your money

  16. Try flying flying saucers 🛸 it’s much safer no sound just spot light in newspapers report welcome you to earth Spock 🖖

  17. I spent 10 hour on a hotel because my flight got delayed and when we were on the AirPort the fligt got delayed for 3 more hour. «Me playing minecraft the whole time»

  18. Pilots do not sleep in the cockpit unless it's a international long haul flight where there is 4 or more pilots and they sleep in a bed located in the front of the plane.

  19. It is not because the material of an airplane can drive away the lighting, but because of the property in physics ; the electric field inside the hollow conducting closed object like hollow conducting sphere is zero. So the lighting don't pass to inside. So passengers are safe

  20. morning flights are NOT always the smoothest!! I remember my first flight in a Cessna 172 out of Centennial airport. I thought we was gonna crash, I love turbulence, but this was a rodeo!!

  21. I’m no scientist, but I am a pilot. I can tell you that NO pilot intentionally does a hard landing. We try to keep it as soft as possible. You won’t overshoot the runway assuming you haven’t floated down the runway.

  22. Uhhh. No. When it’s ATC delays it’s ATC delays. Has nothing to do with the airline. And as a captain myself, I never lie to passengers. If I don’t know I don’t know and I tell the passengers just that. Passengers are understanding most of the time. Lying makes it worse.

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