World War One – 1915
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World War One – 1915

September 14, 2019

January 1915. World War One is just five months old, and
already around one million soldiers have fallen. A war that began in the Balkans has engulfed
much of the world. The Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary,
and the Ottoman Empire, fight the Allies: Britain, France, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro,
Belgium, and Japan. In Poland and the Baltic, the Russian army
has suffered a string of massive defeats, but continues to battle German and Austro-Hungarian
forces. Austro-Hungarian troops have also suffered
huge losses, and are humiliated by their failure to defeat Serbia. In the Caucasus Mountains, Russian and Ottoman
forces fight each other in freezing winter conditions. While on the Western Front, French, British
and Belgian troops are dug in facing the Germans, in trenches stretching from the English Channel
to Switzerland. As part of the world’s first strategic bombing
campaign, Germany sends two giant airships, known as Zeppelins, to bomb Britain. They
hit the ports of King’s Lynn and Great Yarmouth, damaging houses and killing 4 civilians. At sea, at the Battle of Dogger Bank, the
British navy sinks one German cruiser, but the rest of the German squadron escapes. Command of the seas has allowed Britain to
impose a naval blockade of Germany, preventing vital supplies, including food, from reaching
the country by sea. Germany now retaliates with its own blockade:
it declares the waters around the British Isles to be a war zone, where its U-boats
will attack Allied merchant ships without warning. Britain relies on imported food to feed its
population. Germany plans to starve her into surrender. On the Eastern Front, German Field Marshal
von Hindenburg launches a Winter Offensive, and inflicts another massive defeat on the
Russian army at the Second Battle of Masurian Lakes. The Russians lose up to 200,000 men,
half of them surrendering amid freezing winter conditions. The Russians have more success against Austria-Hungary:
the city of Przemyśl falls after a four month siege, netting the Russians 100,000
prisoners. Austria-Hungary’s total losses now reach two million. Meanwhile, the British and French send warships
to the Dardanelles, to threaten Constantinople, capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. They
believe a show of force will quickly cause Turkey to surrender. They bombard Turkish shore-forts in the narrow
straits, but three battleships are sunk by mines, and three more damaged. The attack
is called off. On the Western Front, the British attack at
Neuve Chapelle, but the advance is soon halted by German barbed wire and machineguns. British
and Indian units suffer 11,000 casualties – about a quarter of the attacking force. Six weeks later, at the Second Battle of Ypres,
the Germans attack with poison gas for the first time on the Western Front. A cloud of
lethal chlorine gas forces Allied troops to abandon their trenches, but the Germans don’t
have enough reserves ready to exploit the advantage. Soldiers on both sides are quickly supplied
with crude gas-masks, as a chemical weapons arms-race begins. The Allies land ground troops at Gallipoli,
including men of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, the ANZACs. Their goal is to take
out the shore forts that are preventing Allied warships reaching Constantinople. But they
immediately meet fierce Turkish resistance, and are pinned down close to the shore. The day before the landings, the Ottoman Empire
begins the systematic deportation and murder of ethnic Armenians living within its borders. The Armenians are a long-persecuted ethnic
and religious minority, suspected of supporting Turkey’s enemies. Tens of thousands of men, women and children
are transported to the Syrian desert and left to die. In all, more than a million Armenians
perish. The Allies condemn the events as ‘a crime
against humanity and civilisation’, and promise to hold the perpetrators criminally responsible. To this day, the Turkish government disputes
the death toll, and that these events constituted a ‘genocide’. On the Eastern Front, a joint German / Austro-Hungarian
offensive in Galicia breaks through Russian defences, recapturing Przemyśl and taking
100,000 prisoners. It is the beginning of a steady advance against Russian forces. At sea, the British passenger-liner Lusitania,
sailing from New York to Liverpool, is torpedoed by a German U-boat off the coast of Ireland
without warning. 1,198 passengers and crew perish, including
128 Americans. US President Woodrow Wilson and the American
public are outraged. But Germany insists the liner was a fair target, as the British used
her to carry military supplies. In May, the Allies launch the Second Battle
of Artois, in another effort to break through the German lines. The French make the main
attack at Vimy Ridge, while the British launch supporting attacks at Aubers Ridge and Festubert.
The Allies sustain 130,000 casualties, and advance just a few thousand yards. That summer, above the Western Front, the
Fokker Eindecker helps Germany win control of the air. It’s one of the first aircraft
with a machinegun able to fire forward through its propeller, thanks to a new invention known
as interruptor gear. Allied aircraft losses mount rapidly, in what becomes known as the
‘Fokker Scourge’. Italy, swayed by British and French promises of territorial gains at Austro-Hungarian expense, joins the Allies, declaring war on Austria-Hungary, and later the Ottoman Empire and Germany. The Italian army makes its first assault against
Austro-Hungarian positions along the Isonzo river, but is repulsed with heavy losses. Meanwhile the Allies face a crisis on the
Eastern Front. The Russians have begun a general retreat, abandoning Poland. German troops
enter Warsaw on 5th August. Tsar Nicholas II dismisses the army’s commander-in-chief,
Grand Duke Nicholas, and takes personal command. It will prove disastrous for the Tsar, as
he becomes more and more closely tied to Russian military defeat. At Gallipoli, the Allies land reinforcements
at Suvla Bay, but neither they nor a series of fresh attacks by the ANZACs can break the
deadlock. Conditions for both sides are terrible; troops are tormented not only by the enemy,
but by heat, flies, and sickness. In the Atlantic, a German U-boat sinks the
liner SS Arabic: 44 are lost, including three Americans. In response to further US warnings,
Germany ends all attacks on passenger ships. On the Western Front, the Allies mount their
biggest offensive of the war so far, designed to smash through the front, and take pressure
off their beleaguered Russian ally. The French attack in the Third Battle of Artois
and Second Battle of Champagne; The British, with the help of poison gas,
attack at Loos. Despite initial gains, the attacks soon get
bogged down, with enormous losses on all sides. Allied troops land at Salonika in Greece,
to open a new front against the Central Powers, and bring aid to Serbia. But the Allies are too late. Bulgaria joins
the Central Powers, and their joint offensive overruns Serbia in two months. That winter the remnants of the Serbian Army
escape through the Albanian mountains. Their losses are horrific – by the end of the
war a third of Serbia’s army has been killed – the highest proportion of any nation. Fierce fighting continues on the Italian front,
as Italian troops launch the Third and Fourth Battles of the Isonzo. Austro-Hungarian forces,
though outnumbered, are dug in on the high ground, and impossible to dislodge. In the Middle East, a British advance on Baghdad
is blocked by Turkish forces at the Battle of Ctesiphon, 25 miles south of the city.
The British withdraw to Kut, where they are besieged. The Allies abandon the Gallipoli campaign.
83,000 troops are secretly evacuated without alerting Turkish forces. Not a man is lost.
It’s one of the best executed plans of the war. The campaign has cost both sides quarter of
a million casualties. 1915 is a bad year for the Allies – enormous
losses, for no tangible gains. But there is no talk of peace – instead all sides prepare
for even bigger offensives in 1916, with new tactics developed from earlier failures. All sides still believe a decisive battlefield
victory is within grasp. Epic History TV relies on the support of viewers
like you – please visit our Patreon page, and consider pledging as little as $1 per
video to help us keep making them.

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  1. You got it wrong, dude. The Turkish government never kills the Armenian people. Armenians are being deported, but the reason is that the Armenian gangs that have made the deal with the enemy have pressed the Turkish peasants and killed the people. Or the Ottomans who have counted the people on their lands for years have never been cruel.

  2. To all those how deny the Armenian genocide:

  3. 2:57 The guy on the left looks like Hitler. I know it isn’t him, because he fought on the western front not the eastern front. Maybe his lost twin brother?

  4. Wasnt the Lusitania a trading vessel transporting weapons and munition? Also didnt the German government declare the water around the British isles a war zone?

  5. @Epic History TV great video and analysis again. Although I believe if you were going to bring up Armenian genocide it’s fair to bring up how they rebelled against Ottoman Empire with help of Russia and massacres local Muslim population. Also if you’re goin to bring up Armenian genocide please also bring up Muslim Turkic, Muslim Crimean, and Muslim natives of Russia on how they were massacred and they were forced to flee to present day Turkey.

  6. good video! @Epic History TV
    I think the wording at 6:38 is misleading though. Germany's intention to keep aid from reaching the British was clear. They warned America on a few occasions. Germany even went as far as to buy newspaper space about not wanting America to send ships.

  7. Is this a historical channel or a political channel ?? How can you add a political unproved topic like armenian subject inside of a war video. Dont use political topics for personnel gains. BE OBJECTIVE.

  8. 5:13 are you serious dude? Where is the 2 million Armenian now? It's not real. Read about Armenian murderers at East-Anatolian. Be neutral please. Ottoman Empire lost over 1 million civils in this war.

  9. Did you know that entire Montenegrin Army sacrificed itself so that Serbian army can retreat to the Albanian coast??

  10. I just don’t understand how those guys could have kept going knowing they had such staggering losses.🤷‍♂️


  12. 100 years later, the Turkish attack Germany because of the jewish genocide during the Nazi aera and somehow (sarcasm) forgot what they did to the Armenians.

  13. America took far too long to get involved in all of this could of saved thousands if not millions of lives

  14. I'M TÜRK! We did not massacre the Armenians they were attacked and raped our women to the Turkish village of innocent babies killed by Russian support and move and have forced them to migrate to Syria as punishment from us. Lie gives you information!

  15. Man I have been watching you're videos for some time now and I really love the way you make them so small and yet you convey the knowledge so perfectly

  16. Epic History gets it epically wrong about the Armenian genocide. This was an islamic attack against Armenian Christians, and typical of Islam's 1400 years of genocidal wars against the west, based solely on Jihad grounds.

  17. 6:30 "The British passenger liner, Lusitania, sailing from NY to Liverpool, is torpedoed by a German U-Boat off the coast of Ireland, WITHOUT WARNING" … ummm except for the explicit warning printed in American papers… :/

  18. One of the best channels to learn history , seriously you guys make history SO FUN to learn , keep it up guys , great vids ! Looking forward for more

  19. I want to know how can you defeat the most powerful nation on Earth. No way British Empire will be defeat without outnumbered.

  20. Geo-political crisis changes all the time. Today they are allies and tomorrow they are enemies, yesterday they are enemies and today they allies.

  21. Yea, Ottoman Empire begin the systematic deportation and murder against Armenians without NO REASON, yea that is the objection, that is the logic. Just started to killing, they were bored…

  22. You can now watch this video en Español!
    Support the channel, vote on future topics, get early access and exclusive updates at Patreon…

  23. lol… till this day… Epic history never told the crime of white people from europe that includes the f americans!

  24. History: The Ottomans blamed the Armenians for their losses and proceeded to…

    YouTube: That's an age-restriction alright.

  25. Why was the Lusitania left without escort when entering the Irish waters? Why did it sink with a single torpedo, surprising the German crew? Who was interested in the death of so many American lives?

  26. 5:28 I can`t believe how this whole Armenian genocide was kept under wraps until I started looking into this, after alternative media mentioned how the U-tube channel calling itself the `Young turks` was the same as calling themselves, `The Nazis.` Now I see why.

  27. Please note, not just ethic Armenians though ethic Greeks as well. Look up Pontian Greek Genocide. My family lives near Trapazon and had to flee.

  28. Mutherfucking serbians, they were left in peace by the Albanians in time of need and in late 90s they slaughtered and murdered innocent Albanian pregnant women, children and men for sleazy personal gain!

  29. No os habéis enterado que la primera vuelta al mundo la dio la expedición española Magallanes- Elcano? Así de fiable históricamente hablando es la serie?

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